About Kenya

Kenya Flag:


Coat of arms of Kenya:


Area of Kenya:

Kenya is located in Eastern Africa. Her neighbouring countries are Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, Sudan to the north west and the Indian Ocean to the south east.


Kenya Map:



  • Area Comparative: Slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Texas
  • 581,309 km²
  • 224,080 sq mi
  • Water(%) 2.3


Highest Peak:

  • Mount Kenya and second-highest peak in Africa, after Kilimanjaro
  • 5,199 m
  • 17,057 ft
  • Coordinates: 0°9′03″S 37°18′27″E


State Capitol:

  • Nairobi


Sea Port:

  • Mombasa


International Airport:

  • Jomo Kenyatta International Airport: Nairobi (NBO)


Official Languages:

  • Swahili
  • English

Most people in Kenya speak three different languages; their native language, also known as mother tongue or tribal language, the official language of Swahili and English. English is mainly taught in schools and is the official business language.


Ethnic Groups:

  1. Abanyore (Banyore)
  2. Borana (Oromo)
  3. Bukusu (Babukusu)
  4. Elkony
  5. El Molo
  6. Elgeyo (Keiyo)
  7. Embu
  8. Gabra
  9. Giriama (Giryama)
  10. Ilchamus (Njemps)
  11. Isukha (Abiisukha)
  12. Kamba (Akamba)
  13. Kalenjin
  14. Karamoja (Karimojong)
  15. Kikuyu (Agikuyu)
  16. Kipsigis
  17. Kisii (Abagusii)
  18. Kuria (Abakuria)
  19. Luhyia (Abaluyia)
  20. Luo (Joluo)
  21. Maasai
  22. Marachi (Abamarachi)
  23. Maragoli
  24. Marakwet
  25. Mbeere (Ambeere)
  26. Meru (Amîîrú)
  27. Mijikenda
  28. Nandi
  29. Ogiek (Okiek) (very important video)
  30. Oromo (Galla)
  31. Pokomo
  32. Pokot
  33. Rendille
  34. Sabaot
  35. Samburu
  36. Samia
  37. Segeju
  38. Swahili (Waswahili)
  39. Taita (Wataita and/or Wadawida)
  40. Taveta (Wataveta)
  41. Terik
  42. Tharaka
  43. Tiriki
  44. Tugen
  45. Turkana

Kenya has 42 tribes, also known as ethnic groups. The largest ethnic group is considered to be the Agikuyu or Kikuyu tribe. The Kikuyu people are located in central Kenya, but their high tribe populations and their aggressiveness in agriculture and business have caused them to spread all over the country.


Kenya Presidents:

Jomo Kenyatta
1st President of Kenya

1 June 1963
22 August 1978

Daniel Toroitich arap Moi
2nd President of Kenya

22 August 1978
30 December 2002

Mwai Kibaki
3rd President of Kenya

30 December 2002
9 April 2013

Uhuru Kenyatta
4th President of Kenya

since 9 April 2013














  • from the UK: 12 December 1963
  • Republic declared: 12 December 1964



  • 2013 estimate 44,037,656 million
  • 2009 census 38,610,097 million
  • knbs.or.ke



  • Kenyan shilling (KES)


Date Format:

  • dd/mm/yy


Driving Side:

  • Left


Calling Code:

  • +254


Public Holidays:

  • New Year's Day - 1st of January
  • Good Friday
  • Easter Monday
  • Labour Day - 1st of May
  • Madaraka Day* - 1st of June
  • Moi Day* - 10th of October
  • Kenyatta Day* - 20th of October
  • Jamhuri (Independence) Day* - 12th of December
  • Christmas - 25th of December
  • Boxing Day - 26th of December
  • Idd - ul - Fitr

Any holiday falling on a Sunday becomes a public holiday the following Monday.


British Colonial Rule: (1888 to 1962)

The Europeans came to Kenya as result of colonisation. The British declared Kenya a Protectorate in 1895. After a long struggle for freedom, Kenya became independent in 1963. The struggle for independence was the most difficult procedure that Africans have had to go through and no matter how much is written in explanation of it, the true picture will never be clear.

Thousands of highly trained British troops engaged massive military force against African freedom fighters that were only armed with home made and captured weapons. The cost of the war was very high and the majority of people who died or suffered the most were native Africans. The British rulers paid and corrupted some African tribes such as the Kamba and the Kalenjin people to fight other freedom fighters for them.

The tribes that were hired by the British were known as the Home Guards. Furthermore, it was unpopular with many of the conscript troops who sympathised with the aims of African nationalist, and also many people living in Britain. The tribes that began and fought strongly for independence were the Kikuyu and the Embu tribes, but were later joined by the Maasai and the Luos.

The Home Guards later realised that the war was the benefit of marginalised African people and they joined the other freedom fighters to force the British out of the country “AND THEY DID.”


Wangari Maathai & The Green Belt Movement

The Green Belt Movement (GBM) is an environmental organisation that empowers communities, particularly women, to conserve the environment and improve livelihoods. GBM was founded by Professor Wangari Maathai in 1977 under the auspices of the National Council of Women of Kenya (NCWK) to respond to the needs of rural Kenyan women who reported that their streams were drying up, their food supply was less secure, and they had to walk further and further to get firewood for fuel and fencing. GBM encouraged the women to work together to grow seedlings and plant trees to bind the soil, store rainwater, provide food and firewood, and receive a small monetary token for their work.




  • B.Sc: biology
  • M.Sc: biological sciences
  • Ph.D: veterinary anatomy (first African woman to earn a Ph.D)



  • first African woman to earn the Noble Peace Prize


National Parks of Kenya


National Parks:

  • Arabuko Sokoke National Park
  • Hell's Gate National Park
  • Kora National Park
  • Lake Nakuru National Park
  • Marsabit National Park
  • Meru National Park
  • Mount Kenya National Park
  • Mount Elgon National Park
  • Nairobi National Park
  • Ol Donyo Sabuk National Park
  • Ruma National Park
  • Saiwa Swamp National Park
  • Sibiloi National Park
  • Tsavo East National Park
  • Tsavo West National Park


National Reserves:

  • Arawale National Reserve
  • Boni National Reserve
  • Buffalo Springs National Reserve
  • Dodori National Reserve
  • Kakamega Forest National Reserve
  • Kisumu Impala Sanctuary
  • Maasai Mara National Reserve
  • Mwaluganje elephant sanctuary
  • Mwea National Reserve
  • Samburu National Reserve
  • Shimba Hills National Reserve
  • Tana River Primate Reserve
  • Witu Forest Reserve (Utwani Forest Reserve)


Marine Parks and Reserves:

  • Kiunga Marine National Reserve
  • Kisite Mpunguti Marine National Park
  • Malindi Marine National Park
  • Mombasa Marine National Park
  • Mombasa Marine Reserve
  • Mpunguti Marine National Reserve
  • Tana Delta Reserve
  • Watamu Marine National Reserve




Kenya Newspapers:

  • The Daily Nation (largest market share) part of the Nation Media Group (NMG)
  • The Standard
  • The Star
  • The People
  • East Africa Weekly
  • Taifa Leo


Kenya Television Stations:

  • Kenya Broadcasting Corporation (KBC)
  • Citizen TV
  • Kenya Television Network (KTN)
  • NTV (part of the Nation Media Group (NMG))
  • Kiss television
  • K24 Television
  • Q-TV
  • Kass-TV